Canada’s Human Rights Records


Here are the links for your projects related to how Canada has treated people of First Nation, Japanese and Chinese descent.

Chinese
http://archives.cbc.ca/society/racism/clips/9242/

Japanese
http://archives.cbc.ca/war_conflict/second_world_war/dossier/568/

First Nations
http://archives.cbc.ca/society/native_issues/topics/692/

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8 thoughts on “Canada’s Human Rights Records

  1. Notes on Japanese Internment Camp History• December 8th 1941 Japan attacked Pearl Harbor. Even though this happened in the states, Canada felt that it was too close to home to take precautions• February 24th 1960 “Wartime hysteria” kicks in when a man is taken from his home. Rumours are spread that Japanese terrorists are posing as fisherman, prowling the west coast of Canada• February 24th 1960 Grounds have been enclosed with barbed wire and filled with barracks and guard towers. Anyone who resisted evacuation orders were arrested without trial.• May 25th 1944 John M. Ewing says that Japanese people, who are “aliens,” must be sent back to Japan.• September 22nd 1988 Redress: Payment of $21,000 to all surviving evacuees, clearing of all criminal records relating to the War Measures Act, re-instatement of citizenship to all surviving evacuees, $12 million community fund, $24 million dollar contribution to the establishment of a Canadian Race Relations Foundation.Who• John M. Ewing• Canadian GovernmentSorry, this is all we’ve done!~Becca, Qasim and Jeremy

  2. First Nation Residential SchoolsHistory : The first residential school was established in the 1840’s. The main reason for these schools was to convert Indigenous children to Christianity. Protestant churches ran the residential schools in what is now Ontario. In 1850 it became law for children age 6-15. Children were forcefully removed from their homes or their families were threatened with prison if they didn’t send their children to these schools. These children were not a loud to speak aboriginal languages; they had to speak either English or French. The children wouldn’t have contact with their parents for 9-10 months at a time. In the 1950’s funding for residential schools was very poor and in order to successfully keep these schools running they had to force labour upon the students. In 1969, after many years of sharing power with the churches, the Department of Indian Affairs took control of the schools. In the 1990s, it was proved that many students at residential schools were physically, psychological, and sexual abuse by teachers and school officials. The last residential school, White Calf Collegiate, was closed in 1996. Players: – United Churches, Anglican Churches & the Canadian GovernmentThis is all we have right now . – Tailyn & Derek & Gracie (:

  3. Back in 1955, CBC broadcasted a video titled “A New Future”. This video depicted residential schools as a fun, challenging and overall great learning experience. Unfortunately, these schools were the exact opposite. Residential school systems were set up around 1874 with the purpose of civilizing and educating young native children to become more westernized.In other words, the government tried to assimilate the young natives into Canadian society. While the children wanted to see their families during the summer, very few aboriginals were allowed to visit their parents for years. It was mandatory for children to go to these institutions and if they did not, Indian agents were sent to recruit them. All school funds were provided by the Department of Indian Affairs.Many families wanted their children to go, thinking that these schools were great. Contrary to their expectations, it was a living hell. According to testimonials from former students enrolled in the schools, they made it clear that there was emotional and physical abuse. Examples include sexual abuse, needles pushed through tongues as punishment for speaking Aboriginal languages, faces rubbed in human feces, and forced eating of maggots. Many people even died while attending the school. The Government and churches (Catholic, Anglican, United and Presbyterian) were both players involved in this horrid event. Moreover, the government and the churches based the schools on one sole principle: that is to kill the Indian within the Indian. What does this mean? It simply means to destroy the culture that the aboriginals hold and replace it with western philosophy. Many survivors of residential schools described it as cultural genocide. Adults are very difficult to influence so they decided to target the youth. Residential schools were made for aboriginal students between the ages of 5-16. The Government decided to influence the children outside of their wigwams so residential schools were made in isolation, very far from settlements. Duncan Campbell Scott, Deputy Superintendent of Indian Affairs, recognized a problem. He wanted to eliminate First Nations culture from Canadian society, even stating, “I want to get rid of the Indian problem”.The final residential school closed down in 1996. After it was closed down, The Indian Residential Schools Truth and Reconciliation Commission opened up. This commission was an awaiting truth commission established by the parties to the Indian Residential Schools Settlement Agreement, and became officially established on June 2, 2008. Unfortunately, the aftermath of the IRS (Indian Residential Schools) is not a good one. Moreover, many people abused the students in one way or another. A former student says she estimated around 3 000 cases of rape. On June.11, 2008, Stephen Harper stood in the House of Commons to say sorry to former students of residential schools; it was the first apology from a Prime Minister regarding the incident. "The treatment of children in Indian residential schools is a sad chapter in our history. Today, we recognize that this policy of assimilation was wrong, has caused great harm, and has no place in our country," Mr. Harper comments. These are the current ramifications of the residential schools event.During the same session, Stéphane Dion, Liberal leader expressed his feelings on the situation, “Today's apology is about a past that should have been completely different.” Michael, Nicole, Dongjae


  4. Canada is viewed as a peaceful and eternally good country through a modern global perspective, and it is extremely rare for someone to voice an opinion otherwise. However, behind our peace keeping missions, democratic government and multicultural society, there is a much darker story. Canada as a whole was not always so accepting of people, and in some cases very unsure to accept those who had differing opinions. One such instance was the Japanese internment during WWII.After Pearl Harbour was bombed by the Japanese on December 7th, 1941 the people of the United States of America developed widespread apprehension towards Japanese people, and began to believe that spies had established themselves on American soil. As a result, President Franklin D, Roosevelt instituted internment camps in the U.S., uprooting many long standing American Citizens of Japanese descent. The apprehension felt by the Americans was akin to that felt by Canadians, especially those who lived in British Colombia. Once they heard about the internment camps in the U.S., they demanded that their Prime Minister William Lyon Mackenzie King take the same action in Canada. Complying to their demands, the Prime Minister put 10 internment camps into effect, thought they weren’t nearly as comfortable as those of the United States, and those weren’t desirable living quarters to say the least. In fact, the Canadian Government only spent a quarter of what the U.S. did on their internment camps. When the Japanese people were evacuated from their homes they were often given 48 hours or less, consequently they could only pack a few possessions. Since there was so little time to pack up their things and sell things that they could not take with them, fortune hunters and auctioneers, would buy things from the Japanese for far less than market prices. That which wasn’t sold by the Internees was liquidated by what were called the “Custodians of Aliens”, who also sold the possessions of internees for ridiculously low prices, with none of the revenue going to the original owners. Families were torn apart, the men were sent to work camps to build roads and railroads and to work at sugar beet plantations. The elderly, women and children sent to one of the ten camps in interior British Columbia. Not only was the evacuation of the internees unfair, but also the treatment of them when they arrived at the camps. The internees were housed in barracks and two or three families would be forced to share the same sleeping quarters. The internment camps had facilities for cooking, washing, eating and laundry but these facilities had to be shared by all the people living in the camp. Also, there was little if no medical help available for the internees, and people died from this lack of resources. Finally, the internees were forced to pay for their stay in the camps, even though the Geneva Convention states that Prisoners of War don’t have to pay for their Camps.(Stephanie, Sam and Jane)

  5. (Continued)There were several important figures who majorly contribuited to the ideology and running of the Internment camps. Firstly, there was the President of the United States and the Prime Minister of Canada who put the camps into action in the first place. Secondly, the Canadian Military kept the camps running and didn’t care to aid the Japanese. Finally, the society of Canada which couldn’t keep their deep seated racial feelings towards the Japanese, which had flourished since the Canadian Pacific Railroad was built, from coming forward at any small excuse for a biased revenge. This revenge did largely impact Canadian society as well. The death toll was enormous from lack of nutrition, health care and otherwise, and the fear felt towards the Japanese transferred to the Japanese fearing Canadians. It took an extremely long time for immigration rates from Japan to rise back to their current standings, and even now, survivors of the camps dread the mere mention of the topic. There have been plenty of true horror stories to prove it. We have records of entire familes disappearing after they went to the internment camps. We can only hope that we learn from our mistakes, and that future generations do not make the same mistake.Sorry for the long comment guys! =/Stephanie, Sam and Jane

  6. Chinese History• In the 1880’s Canada brought in 15,000 Chinese people to help build the CPR through the mountains of British Columbia. Their wages were cheap to work on this project; it was half a white man’s wage.• Conditions were atrocious. 1 in 10 people either died from malnutrition, exhaustion, or murder.• 1885, once the railroad was done, the Chinese hit the labor market. However, the people who brought them here to do dangerous, back-breaking work wanted them to go back to China.• Had to pay a tax, fifty dollars, for them to be able to immigrate here, when they first arrived. They came to escape their homeland; they didn’t care about the tax, they still came.• The Chinese people came here to work, because there life in China was horrible. They didn’t care if they got low wages, and work extremely hard. It was a better life living in Canada than China.• Chinese did jobs that the white middle class didn’t want to do. However, this angered the white labor group, because the Chinese offered to work for less money. (they didn’t have a choice to pick higher wages, unions denied them memberships)• 1907, white laborers came to Vancouver to discuss about the Chinese situation at the Anti Asian League. When suddenly they came down China Town and destroyed buildings, beat up Chinese people, and ranted racial slurs telling the Chinese to “Go back to where they came from.”• 1923, Ottawa passed a law called the “Chinese Exclusion Act”. Chinese people had to register, even if you were born here, if they were from Chinese decent. The law was passed to get rid of the Chinese people.• All was left after this law was passed was Chinese men, who left their wives and children to work here. They would eventually try to bring them over, but after the law was passed most of the men would never see their families again.• 1936, there were 10 times as many Chinese men as women in B.C. Due to poverty and lack of Chinese women left in the country the birth rate fell so drastically the Chinese population was cut in half. • Ton Luy, Chinese working man who had a successful business in china town, moved into a house in Vancouver, and the people were furious. Even the “Vancouver Sun” put this incident on the first page. Chinese people were not allowed to live outside of China TownPlayers• Chinese immigrants• The Canadian government• Canadian white labor groups• Middle class white men Spero, Avery, Daniel That's all we have right now.

  7. – 1880's: Canada brought 15,000 people from China to Canada to build the Canadian Pacific Railway. – They were payed very little to do this huge job- The conditioned resulted in many people dying.- After all the hard work of these people, the railway was finished in 1885. The immigrants came to Canada in the first place, to escape the terrible conditions in china even if they only earned a little bit money. They now wanted to stay in canada. But now, the same people who brought them here to do the hard work that we wouldnt do, wanted to send them all back to china. They did the jobs that the other people would not do. – This is all we got.- Sarah, Carson, Bilal

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